With the shutdown of multiple Twitter feeds, including Deadspin and SBNationGif, going down on Monday for various (and numerous) copyright infringements, the internet was aflutter that big media once again cracking down on the relatively harmless yet clearly illegal use of proprietary content online.

Many questions came from the shutdowns. First, who was responsible for getting those accounts suspended? Second, and perhaps most importantly, what will social media sites like Twitter do in the future when media companies continue to post content without expressed written consent (or implied oral consent) of those who hold the rights?

This has been an issue for years, and it’s somewhat ironic that writers on the internet rightly call out others for plagiarism—the worst offense in journalism—yet routinely steal video content without paying for the rights. Making something into a gif undoubtedly serves the greater sports-loving audience, and one can make the case it helps grow the conversation and interest in a particular sport, but television companies pay billions of dollars for us to watch games and highlights, and the leagues have a legal responsibility to protect those rights.

Sure, some leagues protect those rights a little too much, but for what it’s worth, business is business. This business, as we’ve seen, is worth a lot.

Awful Announcing reached out to Twitter for information about the accounts that were shut down to see who had requested the unlicensed material to be deleted. Here is a statement from Nu Wexler of Public Policy Communications for Twitter.

We don’t comment on individual accounts, but I’ve attached two batches of Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) notices related to your inquiry. We submit all actioned takedown notices to the Chilling Effects Clearinghouse. 
Our Copyright and DMCA policy explains the process for formally reporting copyright infringement, as well as providing instructions on how an affected party can appeal a removal by submitting a compliant counter-notice.

Many of us thought MLB would be the big bad, but as you can see in this series of Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) notices below, it was the NFL—through a London-based company called NetResult Solutions, which has been in business for nearly 15 years serving as an internet copyright watchdog for many major sports leagues around the world—as well as the Big XII and SEC—both through a company called XOS Digital—that led the charge to have these feeds shut down.

You can also see within the DMCA notices that XOS Digital particularly went after SBNationGIF, while the only complaint specifically logged at Deadspin was by the UFC. (The UFC complaint went to this Deadspin tweet from the last Ronda Rousey fight and contained a no-distribution policy, so it’s not posted below. It also asks that any and all accounts attached to the offending tweet be terminated by Twitter.) The NFL complaints, which were plentiful, referenced specific tweets, images or videos, not direct Twitter accounts.

Here, in full, are the notices Awful Announcing received from Twitter.

22628493
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433989
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CP7qNG4WsAAR_xL.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628486
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433987
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CP7eDYsUEAES8zP.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628483
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433986
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPt53anWsAAzFzy.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628545
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433985
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPYUYaqW8AAUKU7.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628474
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433984
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPX0g0hUAAIcXns.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628547
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433981
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPXsl5PWsAg9lYY.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628465
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433980
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPXUsIMUAAAtVDH.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628446
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433979
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPXMsRQUAAAW6rY.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628367
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433976
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CO6bj0HXAAA0H6n.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628326
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433971
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/COzpooqWwAEaq4s.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628459
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433970
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/COz4dWVW8AI-pBT.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628379
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433966
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/COzQ7I2WgAAj9-v.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
22628110
Re: UNAUTHORIZED USE OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY CaseID-CaseID-2433942
To Whom It May Concern:
This letter is to notify you, pursuant to the Digital Millennium Copyright Act (“DMCA”), 17 U.S.C. 512 et seq., and other applicable statutes and laws in your jurisdiction, that your website is infringing copyrighted materials owned and/or controlled by the National Football League (“NFL”).
As you may be aware, the NFL owns and/or controls the worldwide rights to license intellectual property of the NFL and its Member Clubs, including, but not limited to, moving images and other audio/video content featuring NFL game action and/or other NFL programming (collectively, “NFL Content”), and the copyrights in and to the NFL Content.
The NFL Content displayed and/or disseminated on the website https://pbs.twimg.com/tweet_video/CPKBPGbUkAA_jCm.mp4 is being displayed and/or disseminated without the permission or authorization of the NFL.
Accordingly, the NFL requests that you act expeditiously to disable access to the unauthorized videos being displayed and/or disseminated on the web pages listed below and remove its contents from view.
Twitter Video
I hereby state that the NFL owns and/or controls the rights referenced above and that NetResult Solutions is authorized to act on the NFL’s behalf with respect to internet monitoring, enforcement, and compliance.
On behalf of the NFL, I hereby state that I have a good faith belief that use of the NFL Content in the manner complained of is not authorized by the NFL, its agents, or the law.
[I, Phil Stubbs, as a representative of NetResult Solutions hereby digitally sign this e-mail message under penalty of perjury under the laws of the United States of America with the additional statement under penalty of perjury that the information in the notice is accurate.]
If you have any questions, please contact the undersigned at the contact information provided below.
Yours faithfully,
Phil Stubbs
NetResult Solutions, part of Thomson Reuters
77 Hatton Garden,
London,
EC1N 8JS,
United Kingdom
Tel: [redacted]
—————————————————————–
1) 22566763
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Copyright owner: Big 12 Conference
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Baylor vs Kansas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Baylor vs Kansas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
2) 22566389
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Copyright owner: Big 12 Conference
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Baylor vs Kansas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Baylor vs Kansas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Oklahoma vs Texas football game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
3) 22297443
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Copyright owner: Southeastern Conference
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Ole Miss vs Florida Football game footage
== Description of infringement: All Florida home game footage is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
4) 21841095
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Copyright owner: Big 12 Conference
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Cal vs Texas football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: The Cal at Texas football broadcast is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Cal vs Texas football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: The Cal at Texas football broadcast is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Cal vs Texas football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: The Cal at Texas football broadcast is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Tulsa vs Oklahoma football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: The Tulsa at Oklahoma football broadcast is copyrighted by our client, the Big 12 Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
5) 21841090
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Copyright owner: Southeastern Conference
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Ole Miss vs Alabama football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Ole Miss vs Alabama football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Ole Miss vs Alabama football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Ole Miss vs Alabama football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Ole Miss vs Alabama football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Ole Miss vs Alabama football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Ole Miss vs Alabama football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Ole Miss vs Alabama football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Ole Miss vs Alabama football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Ole Miss vs Alabama football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Auburn vs LSU football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Auburn vs LSU football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Auburn vs LSU football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Auburn vs LSU football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Auburn vs LSU football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Auburn vs LSU football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Auburn vs LSU football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Auburn vs LSU football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Auburn vs LSU football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Auburn vs LSU football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Nevada vs Texas A&M football game broadcast
== Description of infringement: All footage from the Nevada vs Texas A&M football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: UConn vs Missouri football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: All footage from the UConn vs Missouri football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: UConn vs Missouri football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: All footage from the UConn vs Missouri football game, broadcast and/or in-stadium, is copyrighted by our client, the Southeastern Conference. Please remove as soon as possible.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
6) 21550830
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: UT Martin vs Ole Miss football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif file created from the broadcast of the UT Martin vs Ole Miss game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: UL Monroe vs Georgia football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif file created from the broadcast of the UL Monroe vs Georgia football game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: North Carolina vs South Carolina football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif file created from the broadcast of the North Carolina vs South Carolina football game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: North Carolina vs South Carolina football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif file created from the broadcast of the North Carolina vs South Carolina football game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: North Carolina vs South Carolina football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif file created from the broadcast of the North Carolina vs South Carolina football game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: North Carolina vs South Carolina football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif file created from the broadcast of the North Carolina vs South Carolina football game, which our client owns the rights to.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
7) 21550685
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Tennessee football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Oklahoma vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Tennessee football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Oklahoma vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Tennessee football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Oklahoma vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Tennessee football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Oklahoma vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Tennessee football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Oklahoma vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Oklahoma vs Tennessee football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Oklahoma vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Georgia vs Vanderbilt football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Georgia vs Vanderbilt game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Jacksonville State vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Jacksonville State vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Jacksonville State vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Jacksonville State vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Jacksonville State vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Jacksonville State vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Arizona State vs Texas A&M football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Arizona State vs Texas A&M game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Wisconsin vs Alabama football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Wisconsin vs Alabama game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Wisconsin vs Alabama football game footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Wisconsin vs Alabama game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Louisville vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Louisville vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Louisville vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Louisville vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Bowling Green vs Tennesse football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Bowling Green vs Tennessee game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Louisville vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Louisville vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Louisville vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Louisville vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: Louisville vs Auburn football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the Louisville vs Auburn game, which our client owns the rights to.
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: UL Monroe vs Georgia football broadcast footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from the television broadcast of the UL Monroe vs Georgia game, which our client owns the rights to.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden
—————————————————————–
8) 21459844
DMCA Takedown Notice
== Name: Rebecca Bowden
== Company: XOS Digital
== Job title: Digital Content Coordinator
== Email address: [redacted]
== Address: 618 E. South Street Suite 520
== City: Orlando
== State/Province: FL
== Postal code: 32801
== Country: United States
== Phone (optional): n/a
== Fax (optional): n/a
——-
== Reported Twitter account: @SBNationGIF
== Description of original work: East Carolina vs Florida football footage
== Description of infringement: Gif created from a broadcast that our client, the Southeastern Conference, owns the rights to.
——-
== 512(f) Acknowledgment: I understand that under 17 U.S.C. § 512(f), I may be liable for any damages, including costs and attorneys’ fees, if I knowingly materially misrepresent that reported material or activity is infringing.
== Good Faith Belief: I have good faith belief that use of the material in the manner complained of is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law.
== Authority to Act: The information in this notification is accurate, and I state under penalty of perjury that I am authorized to act on behalf of the copyright owner.
== Signature: Rebecca Bowden

About Dan Levy

Dan Levy has written a lot of words in a lot of places, most recently as the National Lead Writer for Bleacher Report. He was host of The Morning B/Reakaway on Sirius XM's Bleacher Report Radio for the past year, and previously worked at Sporting News and Rutgers University, with a concentration on sports, media and public relations.